Toxic Plants

Children are often drawn to the bright colors found in plants or to the seeds and beautiful berries and flowers they produce.

BEWARE! Some of these can be dangerous if ingested.

Plants are grouped according to how poisonous or toxic they can be if ingested or if juices from injured plant parts come in contact with the skin.

For example, the small amount of chemical secretions from this injured poison ivy leaf on the left can cause significant irritation when touched to skin areas as shown in the picture on the right. Similar symptoms may even be acquired from the smoke from burning poison ivy plants.

Remember, sometimes it takes a large amount to cause symptoms, but sometimes it only takes a little.

Call the Poison Center at 1-800-222-1222. The poison specialist can determine if further treatment is needed.

The following are types of Toxic Plants found in Alabama:

Common Name:
Aloe

Aloe Common Name:
Azalea
Azalea
Botanical Name:
Aloe Vera
Botanical Name:
Rhododendron asalea
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Bitter Sweet

Bitter Sweet Common Name:
Black Locust
Black Locust
Botanical Name:
Solanum dulcamara
Botanical Name:
Robinia psuedoacacia
Poisonous Parts:
leaves and fruit
Poisonous Parts:
seeds, bark, foliage

Common Name:
Boxwood

Boxwood Common Name:
Buckthorn
Buckthorn
Botanical Name:
Buxus sempervirens
Botanical Name:
Rhamnus cathartica
Poisonous Parts:
leaves, stems
Poisonous Parts:
fruit, leaves, bark

Common Name:
Calamondim Orange

Calamondim Orange Common Name:
Castor
Castor
Botanical Name:
Citris mitis
Botanical Name:
Ricinis communis
Poisonous Parts:
fruit peels, thorns
Poisonous Parts:
seeds

Common Name:
China Berry

China Berry Common Name:
Chokecherry
Chokecherry
Botanical Name:
Melia azedarach
Botanical Name:
Prunus virginiana
Poisonous Parts:
berries
Poisonous Parts:
seed or pit

Common Name:
Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster Common Name:
Crocus
Crocus
Botanical Name:
Cotoneaster
Botanical Name:
Colchicum autumnale
Poisonous Parts:
fruit, berries
Poisonous Parts:
all parts, especially bulb

Common Name:
Cyclamen

Cyclamen Common Name:
Daffodil
Daffodil
Botanical Name:
Cyclamen species
Botanical Name:
Narcissus species
Poisonous Parts:
tuber, root
Poisonous Parts:
all parts, especially bulb

Common Name:
Deadly Nightshade

Deadly Nightshade Common Name:
Dogbane
Dogbane
Botanical Name:
Atropa belladona
Botanical Name:
Apocynum cannabinum
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Dumbcane

Dumbcane Common Name:
Elderberry
Elderberry
Botanical Name:
Dieffenbachia species
Botanical Name:
Sambucus species
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
Ieaves, shoots, bark

Common Name:
Elephant Ear

Aloe Common Name:
Engleman Ivy
(Virginia Creeper)
Engleman Ivy
Botanical Name:
Xanthosoma species
Botanical Name:
Parthenocissus quinguefolia
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
berries

Common Name:
Eyebane

Eyebane Common Name:
Four o' clock
Four o' clock
Botanical Name:
Euphorbia maculata
Botanical Name:
Mirabilis jalapa root
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
seeds

Common Name:
Foxglove

Foxglove Common Name:
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Botanical Name:
Digitalis purpurea
Botanical Name:
Glecoma hederacea
Poisonous Parts:
Ieaves, seeds
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Holly

Holly Common Name:
Horsechesnut - Buckeye
Horsechesnut - Buckeye
Botanical Name:
Ilex aquifolium
Botanical Name:
Aesculus species
Poisonous Parts:
leaves, berries
Poisonous Parts:
flowers, sprouts, nuts

Common Name:
Hyacinth

Hyacinth Common Name:
Hydrangea
Hydrangea
Botanical Name:
Hyacinthus orientalis
Botanical Name:
Hydrangea species
Poisonous Parts:
bulb
Poisonous Parts:
leaves, buds

Common Name:
Iris

Iris Common Name:
Jequirity Bean
Jequirity Bean
Botanical Name:
Iris missouriensis
Botanical Name:
Abrus precatorius bean
Poisonous Parts:
bulbs, stems, leaves
Poisonous Parts:
beans, if chewed

Common Name:
Jerusalem Cherry

Jerusalem Cherry Common Name:
Jimson Weed
Jimson Weed
Botanical Name:
Aloe Vera
Botanical Name:
Datura stramonium
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Juniper

Juniper Common Name:
Kentucky Coffee Tree
Kentucky Coffee Tree
Botanical Name:
Juniperus virginiana
Botanical Name:
Gymnocladus dioica
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
seeds

Common Name:
Larkspur

Larkspur Common Name:
Lilly of the Valley
Lilly of the Valley
Botanical Name:
Delphinium species
Botanical Name:
Convallaria majalis
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Mistletoe

Mistletoe Common Name:
Night Blooming
Jessamine
Night Blooming Jessamine
Botanical Name:
Phoradendrom flavescens
Botanical Name:
Cestrum nocturnum
Poisonous Parts:
all parts, especially
berries
Poisonous Parts:
all parts, especially berries

Common Name:
Nightshade

Nightshade Common Name:
Oak
Oak
Botanical Name:
Solanum species
Botanical Name:
Quercus species
Poisonous Parts:
Ieaves, berries,
green fruit
Poisonous Parts:
raw acorns, young shoots

Common Name:
Oleander

Oleander Common Name:
Philodendron
Philodendron
Botanical Name:
Thevetia peruviana
Botanical Name:
Philodendron
Poisonous Parts:
All parts, especially
seeds
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Poison Hemlock

Poison Hemlock Common Name:
Poison Ivy
Poison Ivy
Botanical Name:
Conium maculatum
Botanical Name:
Rhus radicans
Poisonous Parts:
All parts, especially
roots
Poisonous Parts:
Sap from all parts

Common Name:
Poison Sumac

Poison Sumac Common Name:
Pokeweed
Pokeweed
Botanical Name:
Rhus Vernix
Botanical Name:
Phytolacca americana
Poisonous Parts:
Sap from all parts
Poisonous Parts:
All parts

Common Name:
Snow on the Mountain

Snow on the Mountain Common Name:
Tomato
Tomato
Botanical Name:
Euphoria marginata
Botanical Name:
Solanaceae
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
Poisonous Parts:
Leaves

Common Name:
Tulip, blue

Tulip, blue Common Name:
Water hemlock
Water hemlock
Botanical Name:
Anemone patens
Botanical Name:
Cicuta douglasii

Poisonous Parts:
Whole plant,
especially bulbs

Poisonous Parts:
all parts, especially
roots

Common Name:
Yews

Yews    
Botanical Name:
Taxus species
 
Poisonous Parts:
All parts
 

Photos used courtesy of the Birmingham Zoo