Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is increasing in children and adolescents due to a rise in obesity rate in this age range.
Type 2 diabetes occures when the body is not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body are ignoring or not using the insulin properly.
Type 2 diabetes generally begins as an insulin resistance, and as the need for insulin increases in the body the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce insulin. Over a period of time, the elevated glucose levels in the bloodstream can cause damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves or the heart.
Although Type 2 diabetes crosses all age and race spectrums, some groups are at a higher risk for developing the disease. More commonly this form of diabetes is seen in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans / Pacific Islanders, and the aging population.
Type 2 Diabetes Patient Information Sheets